Microbes on Ice: Climate Amplifiers?

I recently published an introduction to glacier microbiology on the climate-science website Climatica:

Cryoconite holes - generally considered to be the most biodiverse microbial habitats on glacier surfaces
Cryoconite holes – generally considered to be the most biodiverse microbial habitats on glacier surfaces

Here’s a link…

http://climatica.org.uk/microbes-ice-climate-amplifiers

For anyone interested in climate science and wanting an introduction to a wealth of relevant articles and links, Climatica is a great resource well worth having a thorough browse!

For more information, the reference list below includes some of the most relevant literature to the material in the article!

  1. Pyne, S.J. 1986. The Ice: A Journey to Antarctica. New York: Ballantine Books.
  2. Boyd, E.S., Skidmore, M., Mitchell, A.C., Bakermans, C., Peters, J.W. 2010. Methanogenesis in subglacial sediments. Environmental Microbiology Reports, 5: 685 – 692
  3. Wadham, J.L., Tranter, M., Tulaczyk, S., Sharp, M. 2008. Subglacial methanogenesis: a potential climatic amplifier? Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 22 (2)
  4. Buford Price P, 2000. A habitat for psychrophiles in deep Antarctic ice. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America, 97 1247–1251.
  5. MacDonnell, S., Fitzsimons, S. 2008. The formation and hydrological significance of cryoconite holes. Progress in Physical Geography, 32: 595610
  6. Hodson A, Anesio A M, Tranter M, Fountain A, Osborn M, Priscu J, Laybourn-Parry J, Sattler B, 2008. Glacial ecosystems, Ecological Monographs, 78 (1): 41–67.
  7. Gribbon, P.W.F. (1979): Cryoconite holes on Sermikavasak, West Greenland. Journal of Glaciology, 22: 177-181.
  8. Edwards, A., Pachebat, J.A., Swain, M., Hegarty, M., Hodson, A.J., Irvine-Fynn, T., Rassner, S.M.E., Sattler, B. 2013a. A metagenomic snapshot of taxonomic and functional diversity in an alpine glacier cryoconite ecosystem. Environmental Research Letters, 8 (035003)
  9. Telling, J., Anesio, A. M., Tranter, M., Stibal, M., Hawkings, J., Irvine-Fynn, T., Hodson, A., Butler, C., Yallop, M., Wadham, J. (2012). Controls on the autochthonous production and respiration of organic matter in cryoconite holes on high Arctic glaciers. Journal of Geophysical Research, 117 (G1).
  10. Cook, J., Hodson, A., Telling, J., Anesio, A., Irvine-Fynn, T., Bellas, C. 2010. The mass-area relationship within cryoconite holes and its implications for primary production. Annals of Glaciology, 51 (56): 106-110
  11. Yallop, M.L., Anesio, A.J., Perkins, R.G., Cook, J., Telling, J., Fagan, D., MacFarlane, J., Stibal, M., Barker, G., Bellas, C., Hodson, A., Tranter, M., Wadham, J., Roberts, N.W. 2012. Photophysiology and albedo-changing potential of the ice-algal community on the surface of the Greenland ice sheet. ISME Journal, 6: 2302 – 2313
  12. Cook, J.M., Hodson, A.J., Anesio, A.M., Hanna, E., Yallop, M., Stibal, M., Telling, J., Huybrechts, P. 2012. An improved estimate of microbially mediated carbon fluxes from the Greenland Ice Sheet. Journal of Glaciology, 58 (212): 1098-1108
  13. Hodson, A, Paterson, H, Westwood, K, Cameron, K & Laybourn-Parry, J 2013, ‘A blue-ice ecosystem on the margin of the East Antarctic ice sheet.’. Journal of Glaciology59 (214).
  14. Irvine-Fynn, T.D.L., Edwards, A., Newton, S., Langford, H., Rassner, S., Telling, J., Anesio, A.M., Hodson, A.J. 2013. Microbial cell budgets of an Arctic glacier surface quantified using flow cytometry. Environmental Microbiology, 14 (11): 2998 – 3012
  15. Langford, H., A. Hodson, & S. Banwart (2011). Using FTIR spectroscopy to characterise the soil mineralogy and geochemistry of cryoconite from Aldegondabreen glacier, Svalbard, Appl. Geochem., 26 (S1), pp. S206–S209.
  16. Storrie-Lombardi, M.C., Sattler, B. 2009. Laser-induced fluorescence emission (LIFE): in situ non-destructive detection of microbial life in the covers of Antarctic lakes. Astrobiology, 9 (7)
  17. Telling, J., Anesio, A.M., Hawkings, J., Tranter, M., Wadham, J.L., Hodson, A.J., Irvine-Fynn, T., Yallop, A.M. 2010. Measuring rates of gross photosynthesis and net community production in cryoconite holes: a comparison of field methods. Annals of Glaciology, 51: 153-162
  18. Stibal, M, Telling, J, Cook, J., Mak, K. M., Hodson, A. & Anesio, AM. 2012. Environmental controls on microbial abundance and activity on the Greenland ice sheet: a multivariate approach. Microbial Ecology63: 74-84 
  19. Stibal, M., Sabacka, M., Zarsky, J. 2012. Biological processes on glacier and ice sheet surfaces. Nature Geoscience,  5: 771-774
  20. Skidmore, M.L., Foght, J.M., Sharp, M.J. 2000. Microbial life beneath a high Arctic glacier. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 66 (8): 3214-3220
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