Wider melt zones likely to become more common on GIS…

New paper discusses the combined role of temperature changes and increased forest fires for Greenland ice sheet melt…

Greenland Ice Sheet Melt Could Occur Yearly By 2100 (via Climate Central)

By Brian Kahn Follow @blkahn In July 2012, Greenland ice sheet watchers sounded the alarm as 97 percent of the ice sheet surface melted. It was a rare occurrence, one that left researchers puzzling over the exact causes and the likelihood it could occur…

Continue reading “Wider melt zones likely to become more common on GIS…”

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A Cryoconite Bibliography

Below is a bibliography of cryoconite literature that may help those looking for material in this field. I will endeavour to regularly update this with omissions and new work! If you are a cryoconite researcher/enthusiast and you notice anything I’ve missed, please let me know so I can make this as complete as possible!

Cryoconite - seemingly inocuous but the focus of much research!
Cryoconite – the focus of much research!

CRYOCONITE BIBLIOGRAPHY

Abyzov, S.S. 1993. Microorganisms in Antarctic ice. In Antarctic Microbiology, Friedmann, E.I (ed) Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, USA: 265-295

Adhikary, S., Nakawo, M., Seko, K., Shakya, B. 2000. Dust influence on the melting process of glacier ice: experimental results from Lirung Glacier, Nepal Himalayas. In Nakawo, M., Raymond, C.F. and Fountain, A (eds). Debris-covered glaciers. Proceedings of an International Association of Hydrological Sciences Workshop, Seattle, Wallingford, AHS Publication 264, 43-52

Agassiz, L. 1846. Systeme Glaciere: ou recherches sur les glaciers leur mécanisme, leur ancienne extension et le rôle qu’ils ont joué dans l’histoire de la terre. Paris, Victor Masson

Ahlmann, H.W. 1942. Researches on snow and ice. The Geographical Journal, 107 (1-2): 11-25

Anesio, A.M., Laybourn-Parry, J. 2011. Glaciers and ice sheets as a biome. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 27 (4): 219-225

Anesio, A.M., Mindl, B., Laybourn-Parry, J., Hodson, A.J., Sattler, B. 2007. Viral dynamics in cryoconite on a high Arctic glacier (Svalbard). Journal of Geophysical Research, 112 (G4): G04S31

Anesio, A.M., Hodson, A.J., Fritz, A., Psenner, R., Sattler, B. 2009. High microbial activity on glaciers: importance to the global carbon cycle. Global Change Biology, 15(4): 955-960

Anesio, A.M., and 6 others. 2010. Carbon fluxes through bacterial communities on glacier surfaces. Annals of Glaciology, 51 (56): 32-40

Anesio, A.M., Sattler, B., Foreman, C., Telling, J., Hodson, A., Tranter, M., Psenner, R. 2010. Carbon fluxes through bacterial communities on glacier surfaces. Annals of Glaciology, 51 (56): 32-40

Aoki, T., Kuchiki, K., Niwano, M., Matoba, S., Uetake, J. 2013. Numerical simulation of spectral albedos of glacier surfaces covered with glacial microbes in Northwestern Greenland. Radiation Processes in the Atmosphere and Ocean, AIP Conference Proceedings, 1531, 176-179

Arbona, V., Argamasilla, R., Gomez-Cadenas, A. 2010. Common and divergent physiological, hormonal and metabolic responses of Arabidopsis thaliana and Thellungiella halophila to water and salt stress. Journal of Plant Physiology, 167: 1342-1350

Bagshaw, E.A., Tranter, M., Fountain, A.G., Welch, K.A., Basagic, H., Lyons, W.B. 2007. Biogeochemical evolution of cryoconite holes on Canada Glacier, Taylor Valley, Antarctica. Journal of geophysical Research, 112 (G04S32), doi: 10.1029/2006JG000350

Bagshaw, E.A., Tranter, M., Fountain, A.G., Welch, K., Basagic, H.J., Lyons, W.B. 2013. Do cryoconite holes have the potential to be significant sources of C, N and P to downstream depauperate ecosystems of Taylor Valley, Antarctica? Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research, 45 (4): 1-15

Barkstrom, B.R. 1972. Some effects of multiple scattering on the distribution of solar radiation in snow and ice. Journal of Glaciology, 11 (63): 357-368

Battin, T.J., Wille, A., Sattler, B., Psenner, R. 2001. Phylogenetic and functional heterogeneity of sediment biofilms along environmental gradients in a glacial stream, Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 67, 799 – 807.

Bayley, W.S. 1891. Mineralogy and Petrography. The American Naturalist, 25 (290): 138-146

Bellas, C., Anesio, A.M. 2013. High diversity and potential origins of T4-type bacteriophages on the surface of Arctic glaciers. Extremophiles,17: 861-870

Bellas, C.M., Anesio, A.M.B., Telling, J., Stibal, M., Tranter, M., Davis, S.A. 2013. Viral impacts on bacterial communities in Arctic cryoconite. Environmental Research Letters, vol 8.

Bøggild, C.F. 2011. Modeling the temporal glacier ice surface albedo based on observations of aerosol accumulation. American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2011, abstract #C41F-04

Bøggild, C.F., Brandt, R.E., Brown, K.J., Warren, S.G. 2010. The ablation zone in northeast Greenland: ice types, albedos and impurities. Journal of Glaciology, 56: 101-113

Bolsenga, S.J. 1977. Preliminary observations on the daily variation of ice albedo. Journal of Glaciology, 18 (80): 517-521

Bowman,  J.P., McCammon, S.A., Brown, M,., Nichols, D.S., McMeekin, T.A. 1997. Diversity and association of psychrophilic bacteria in Antarctic sea ice. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 63 (8): 3068-3078

Box, J.E., Fettweis, X., Stroeve, J.C., Tedesco, M., Hall, D.K., Streffen, K. 2012. Greenland ice sheet albedo feedback: thermodynamics and atmospheric drivers. The Cryosphere, 6: 821-839

Brandt, B. 1931. Uber kryokonit in der Magdalenenbucht in Spitsbergen. Zeitschrift fur Gletscherkunde, 19 (1-3): 125-126

Brandt, R.E., Warren, S.G.1993. Solar-heating rates and temperature profiles in Antarctic snow and ice, Journal of Glaciology, 39: 9910

Brochu, M. 1975. Les trous a cryoconite du glacier Gillman (nord de l’ile d’Ellesmere). Polarforschrung, 45 (1): 32-44

Brunetti, C., George, R.M., Tattini, M., Field, K., Davey, M.P. 2013. Metabolomics in plant environmental physiology. Journal of Experimental Botany, doi:10.1093/jxb/ert244

Buhlmann, E. 2011. Influence of particulate matter on observed albedo reductions on Plaine Morte glacier, Swiss Alps. MSc Thesis, University of Bern, 2011

Bryce, D. 1897. Contributions to the non-marine fauna of Spitsbergen – Part II. Report on the Rotifera. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 1897: 793 – 799

Bryce, D. 1922. On some Rotifera from Spitsbergen. The Oxford University Expedition to Spitsbergen, 1921. Report 16. J. Quekett microscopy club, Series 2, 14 (88): 305-332

Cameron, K., Hodson, A.J., Osborn, M. 2012. Carbon and nitrogen biogeochemical cycling potentials of supraglacial cryoconite communities. Polar Biology, 35: 1375-1393

Cameron, K. a, Hodson, A. J., & Osborn, a M. (2012). Structure and diversity of bacterial, eukaryotic and archaeal communities in glacial cryoconite holes from the Arctic and the Antarctic. FEMS microbiology ecology82(2), 254–67. doi:10.1111/j.1574-6941.2011.01277.x

Cameron, R.E. 1972. Farthest south algae and associated bacteria. phycologia, 11: 133-139

Cameron, R.E., Devaney, J.R. 1970. Antarctic soil algal crust: scanning electron and optical microscope study. Transactions of the American Microscopy Society, 89: 264-273

Carlson, C.A., Bates, N.R., Ducklow, H.W., Hansell, D.A. 1999. Estimation of bacterial respiration and growth efficiency in the Ross Sea, Antarctica. Aquatic Microbial Ecology, 19 (3): 229-244

Canfield, D.E., Green, W.J. 1985. The cycling of nutrients in a closed-basin Antarctic lake. Lake Vanda. Biogeochemistry, 1: 233-256

Castello, J.D., Rogers, S.O., Starmer, W.T., Catranis, C.M., Ma, L., Bachand, G.D., Zhao, Y., Smith, J.E. 1999. Detection of tomato mosaic tobamovirus RNA in ancient glacial ice. Polar Biology, 22:207-212.

Chandler, D. M., Alcock, A.D., Wadham, J.L., Mackie, S.L., Telling, J. Seasonal changes of ice surface characteristics and productivity in the ablation zone of the Greenland Ice Sheet. The Cryosphere Discuss., 8, 1337–1382, 2014
http://www.the-cryosphere-discuss.net/8/1337/2014/

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Cho, S.M., Kang, B.R., Han, S.H., Anderson, A.J., Park, J-Y, Lee, Y-H, Cho, B.H., Yang, K-Y, Ryu, C-M, Kim, Y.C. 2008. 2R,3R-butanediol, a bacterial volatile produced by Pseudomonas chlororaphis O6, is involved in induction of systemic tolerance to drought in Arabidopsis thaliana. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions 21, 1067-1075.

Christner, B.C., Kvitko, B.H., Reeve, J.N. 2003. Molecular identification of bacteria and eukarya inhabiting an Antarctic cryoconite hole. Extremophiles, 7: 177-183

Cook, J. 2012. Microbially mediated carbon fluxes on the surface of glaciers and ice sheets. PhD thesis, University of Sheffield, 30th August, 2012. http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/2882

Cook, J., Hodson, A., Telling, J., Anesio, A., Irvine-Fynn, T, Bellas, C. 2010. The mass-area relationship within cryoconite holes and its implications for primary production. Annals of Glaciology, 51 (56): 106-110

Cook, J.M., Hodson, A.J., Anesio, A.M., Hanna, E., Yallop, M., Stibal, M., Telling, J., Huybrechts, P. 2012. An improved estimate of microbially mediated carbon fluxes from the Greenland ice sheet. Journal of Glaciology, 58 (212): 1098-1108

Cutler, P.M., Munro, D.S. 1996. Visible and near infra-red reflectivity during the ablation period on Peyto Glacier, Alberta, Canada, Journal of Glaciology, 42: 333-340

Dancer, S.J., Shears, P., Platt, D.J. 1997.  Isolation and characterization of coliforms from

glacial ice and water in Canada’s high Arctic.  J. Appl. Microbiol. 82:597-609

Dastych, H., Kraus, H., Thaler, K. 2003. Redescription and notes on the biology of the glacier tardigrada Hypsibius klebelsbergi Mihelcic, 1959 (Tardigrada), based on material from the Otzal Alps, Austria. Mitt. Hamb. Zool. Mus. Inst, 100: 73-100

DeSmet, W.H. 1988. Rotifers from Bjornoya (Svalbard) with the description of Cephalodella evabroedi n. sp. And Synchaeta lakowitziana arctica n. subsp. Fauna norv. Series A, 9: 1-18

DeSmet, W.H. 1990. Notes on the monogonont rotifers from submerged mosses collected on Hopen (Svalbard). Fauna norv. Series A, 11: 1-8

DeSmet, W.H. 1993. Report on rotifers from Barentsoya, Svalbard (78’30’N). Fauna norv. Series A, 14: 1-26

DeSmet, W.H., Van Rompu, E.A., Beyens, L. 1988. Contribution to the rotifers and aquatic Tardigrada of Edgeoya (Svalbard). Fauna norv. Series A, 9: 19-30

Drygalski, E. von. 1897. Die Kryokonitlocher. Gronland-expedition der Gesellschaftfur Erdkunde zu Berlin 1891-1893, Bd 1: 93-103

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Edwards, A., and 7 others. 2011. Possible interactions between bacterial diversity, microbial activity and supraglacial hydrology of cryoconite holes in Svalbard. ISME Journal, 51 (1): 150-160

Edwards, A., Rassner, S.M., Anesio, A.M., Worgan, H.J., Irvine-Fynn, T.D.L., Williams, H.W., Sattler, B., Griffith, G.W. 2013a. Contrasts between the cryoconite and ice marginal bacterial communities of Svalbard glaciers. Polar Research, 32: 19468

Edwards, A., Douglas, B., Anesio, A., Rassner, S.M., Irvine-Fynn, T.D.L., Sattler, B., Griffith, G.W. 2013b. A distinctive fungal community inhabiting cryoconite holes on glaciers in Svalbard. Fungal Ecology, 6: 168-176

Edwards, A., Pachebat, J.A., Swain, M., Hegarty, M., Hodson, A., Irvine-Fynn, T.D.L., Rassner, S.M., Sattler, B. 2013c. A metagenomic snapshot of taxonomic and functional diversity in an alpine glacier cryoconite ecosystem. Environmental Research Letters, 8 (035003): 11pp

Edwards, A., Mur, L., Girdwood, S., Anesio, A., Stibal, M., Rassner, S., Hell, K., Pachebat, J., Post, B., Bussell, J., Cameron, S., Griffith, G., Hodson, A. 2014. Coupled cryoconite ecosystem structure-function relationships are revealed by comparing bacterial communities in Alpine and Arctic glaciers. FEMS Microbial Ecology, in press

Edwards, A.E., Irvine-Fynn, T., Mitchell, A.C., Rassner, S.M.E. 2014. A germ theory for glacial systems? WIREs Water 2014, doi: 10.1002/wat2.1029

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Foreman, C.M., Sattler, B., Mikuchi, J.A., Porazinska, D.L., Priscu, J.C. 2007. Metabolic activity and diversity of cryoconites in the Taylor Valley, Antarctica. Aquatic Geochemistry, 10: 239-268

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Fountain, A.G., Lyons, W.B., Burkins, M.B., Dana, G.L., Doran, P.T., Lewis, K.J., McKnight, D.M., Moorhead, D.L., Parsons, A.N.,  Priscu, J.C., Wall, D.H., Wharton, R.A., Virginia, R.A. 1999. Physical controls on the Taylor Valley ecosystem, Antarctica. Bioscience, 49 (12): 961-971

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Fountain, A.G., Nylen, T.H., Tranter, M., Bagshaw, E. 2008. Temporal variations in physical and chemical features of cryoconite holes on Canada Glacier, McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Journal of Glaciology, 50: 35-45

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Irvine-Fynn, T.D.L., Bridge, J.W., Hodson, A.J. 2011. In situ quantification of supraglacial cryoconite morphodynamics using time lapse imaging: an example from Svalbard. Journal of Glaciology, 57 (204): 651-657

Irvine-Fynn, T.D.L., Edwards, A., Newton, S., Langford, H., Rassner, S.M., Telling, J., Anesio, A.M., Hodson, A.J. 2012. Microbial cell budgets of an Arctic glacier surface quantified using flow cytometry. Environmental Microbiology, 14 (11): 2998-3012

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